This study of the slave plantation of Trinidad is based on the Trinidadian slave registration of 1813, 1815, and 1816, when the Registrar of Slaves recorded information on 17,087 plantation slaves. The principal goal of the study is to draw plausible upper and lower bounds on the levels of plantation slave mortality and fertility in Trinidad in the early nineteenth century. The book examines in detail the collection of the slave registration data in 1813 and the ensuing controversy over slave smuggling. Further chapters describe Trinidad's population in 1813, including what little is known about the free population, the methods used in studying the mortality and fertility of the plantation slaves, the findings about plantation slave mortality and a discussion of these findings. The final chapter discusses the conclusions in a wider historical context.
This book is in part a response to the attempts of governments to address increasing concerns over such environmental issues as the impact of climate change; carbon emissions; pressures from overpopulation of cities; coal seam gas extraction and depleting natural resources. The authors have developed a Sustainable Communities Framework (SCF) which incorporates social-cultural, environmental and economic sustainability principles in the process of urban planning. The authors propose a five-step SCF built on an application of sustainability tables. The book examines a wide range of urban planning practices utilizing sustainability criteria, outlining both qualitative and quantitative tools. Separate chapters discuss application of the SCF to both the natural environment and the built environment. This framework is applied to a case study of the outer Sydney growth area of Wyong Shire, Central Coast, NSW, Australia. Addressing the question of how best to measure the environment, the authors present a table for selecting indicators of sustainability, and outline sustainability scorecards which use color-coded ratings of green, red and amber to measure indicators of sustainability. The authors show how aggregating these ratings allows the framework to be scaled up for application to larger areas. Finally, the authors show how scorecards can be incorporated in sustainability reports, with actions and monitoring components. The authors also examine urban planning education including land use planning, natural resource planning and sustainable urban planning, focusing on the extent to which schools incorporate principles of sustainability. The authors offer their critique on the movement of planning practices towards a more coordinated and holistic framework, in incorporating sustainability principles. Sustainable Communities: A Framework for Planning concludes by drawing a future scenario on the application of the SCF to incorporate principles of sustainability into urban planning. The authors propose future options for SCF applications, including adopting a systems program; environmental performance monitoring and showing how the framework will accommodate the social-cultural and economic components of sustainability, in addition to the environmental ones as examined in the case study.
This is an insightful study of spatial planning and housing strategy in London, focusing on the period 2000 - 2008 and the Mayoralty of Ken Livingstone. Duncan Bowie presents a detailed analysis of the development of Livingstonea (TM)s policies and their consequences.
Examining the theory and practice of spatial planning at a metropolitan level, Bowie examines the relationships between:
It places Livingstonea (TM)s Mayoralty within its historical context and looks forward to the different challenges faced by Livingstonea (TM)s successors in a radically changed political and economic climate.
Clear and engaging, this critical analysis provides a valuable resource for academics and their students as well as planning, housing and development professionals. It is essential reading for anyone interested in politics and social change in a leading a world citya (TM) and provides a base for parallel studies of other major metropolitan regions.
Smoking and Football Men. A Study of Effects of Smoking on physical and mental aptitude.
This book analyses weight-loss research to present one dependable plan that really works. Now you can take weight off and keep it off using a combination of proven diet and exercise strategies that require no special props or aids. Information on calculating calorie needs, determining BMI (body mass index) and working out the percentage of fats, carbs and proteins in your daily diet are included. This book is based entirely on: an analysis of scientific studies, so that it is fact-based; research on successful dieters that shows how they got the weight off and kept it off; and, diet and exercise strategies that can be done at home. What is currently on the market - a lot of diet and weight loss books with gimmicks and a lot of fluff, but very few theories that are supported by randomised controlled trials. "No-beach, No Zone, No Nonsense Weight Loss Plan" is the antithesis of these books. The author has reviewed the weight loss literature, found proven solutions and put it all in a digestible format for the lay person.
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