This study explores the current state of knowledge with respect to the effects of wet weather flows from urban areas on the physical character of aquatic habitat. It identifies knowledge gaps with respect to our ability to define the cause-effect relationships, examines the comprehensiveness of the data used in support of the published literature in the subject area, and makes a qualitative determination of the usefulness of those data for further analysis to increase our knowledge in the subject area. Finally, it recommends further research studies that will increase our knowledge in the subject area, with emphasis on pilot-scale projects that can be used to develop practical protocols for preventing or mitigating the effects. Major findings and conclusions are: 1) we lack a solid conceptual framework for predicting the impact of large-scale watershed modifications and wet weather flows on ecological processes that influence stream communities; 2) there is a need for longer-term monitoring; 3) there is no widely accepted system for quantifying geomorphic instability and degradation of physical habitat; 4) there is a need for process-based stream classification; 5) specific links between urbanization characteristics and stream degradation are lacking; 6) there is a need for urban best management practice (BMP) assessment standards; and 7) developing a multi-scale understanding of habitat potential in human-dominated watersheds is needed. The report recommends a research program that first and foremost, includes comprehensive, long-term monitoring augmented with mathematical modeling of the linkages between development style/drainage system design, flow regime, and multi-scale changes in physical habitat and biotic response. Improved diagnosis and predictive understanding of future change require multifaceted, multiscale, and multidisciplinary studies based on a firm understanding of the history and processes operating in a drainage basin. Detailed long-term analyses of the influence of hydrologic regime and channel morphology on differences between communities in recruitment, immigration/emigration, mortality, and age structure are also needed. Finally, future research should directly examine tradeoffs between: 1) flood mitigation versus channel roughness, habitat heterogeneity, debris inputs, and riparian protection; 2) chemical water quality improvement through extended detention versus geomorphically-based flow regime controls; and, 3) rehabilitation of aquatic habitat using static features versus allowing the potential for dynamic adjustments in channel form and habitat structure. It is extremely important that the research be pragmatic, and focus on developing pilot/demonstration studies that will lead to design guidance that municipalities can use to design new systems, or improve existing systems, that will protect not only the safety and welfare of the citizenry that it serves, but also the aquatic ecosystems in the streams that receive the wet weather discharges from these urbanized sites.
In 2005, I resigned as a full-time pastor of a church and relocated to Lagos, Nigeria, with one mission in mind: To observe and study the life of Bishop David Oyedepo, resident Bishop of Faith Tabernacle, Ogun State, Nigeria, the Largest Single Church in the world, according to Guinness Book of Records What I share with you in this book is a summary of what I have learned from the life and ministry of Bishop Dr. David O. Oyedepo in this last 10 years. It's been a long journey, but suffice it say that I have enjoyed every bit of it. Like all men of great influence, Bishop Oyedepo, has been analysed in the public domain and given different names by different people. However, I believe that no man actually rises to the top by making mistakes. People only rise to the top by doing the right things over a long period of time. In this book, I share with you the success habits and secrets of one of the greatest leaders of Charismatic revival on earth today...Bishop David Olaniyan Oyedepo May we all fulfill the purpose for which we are born.
This book is a study of the future of international law as well as the future of the United Nations. It is the first study ever bringing together the laws, policies and practices of the UN for the protection of the earth, the oceans, outer space, human rights, victims of armed conflicts and of humanitarian emergencies, the poor, the vulnerable and the disadvantaged world-wide. It reviews unprecedented dangers and challenges facing humanity such as climate change and weapons of mass destruction, and argues that the international law of the future must become an international law of security and of protection. It submits that the concept of international security in the UN Charter can no longer be restricted to situations of armed conflict but must be given its natural meaning: whatever threatens the security of humanity. It calls for the Security Council to perform its role as the guardian of the security of humankind and sees a leadership role for the UN Secretary-General in analysing and presenting challenges of international security and protection to the Security Council for its attention.
This workbook on the books of Joshua and Ruth was designed for use in Bible classes, family study, or personal study. The class book material is suitable for teens and adults. Questions in the lessons contain minimal human commentary, but instead guide students to study to understand Scripture. Enough questions are included for teachers to assign as many questions as they want for each study session. The course assignments may proceed at whatever speed and depth will best accomplish the needs of the students.
This book provides intimate details of an obese woman's journey to develop a habit of fitness and exercise. Additionally, the book contains a personal journal for others to use as they begin their own journeys to develop a habit of fitness.
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